Scientists have created World’s first organism with synthetic DNA. They took an E-coli bacterium and edited 18000 lines of its DNA code. They removed inefficiencies in the 4 million lines of the genetic code, then pieces by pieces, they added the redesigned DNA back into the E-coli, drastically increasing its life span.
Scientists Create the World’s First Organism
They are making it potentially more virus-resistant. The new bacteria looks a little wonky.
According to The New York Times,
A University of Cambridge team created a living, reproducing E. coli bacteria with DNA coded entirely by humans.
It is for the very first time that scientists have created a life with a genetic code that was developed from scratch.
No doubt, it was a stunning scientific feat. The artificial E-coli holds 4 million base pair of DNA code. It took scientists over a year to just read the entire DNA code. So why is this such an important breakthrough?
Traditionally, E-coli is used to make compounds for drugs to treat cancer, heart attacks, and multiple sclerosis. However, as soon as natural E-coli is contaminated with bacteria, it’s useless to doctors.
In the future, redesigned E-coli could be resistant to bacteria and the freed-up genetic code could make designer enzymes, proteins, and drugs. It transforms the future of medicine.